Name COLONEL SIR ARTHUR GEORGE HAMMOND VC, KCB, DSO
Regiment - 82nd Foot
- 12th ( Kalat-I-Ghilzai ) Regiment, Bengal Native Infantry
- Queen's Own Corps of Guides, Punjab Frontier Force ( Infantry )
Born 28 September 1843, Cleveland House, High Street, Dawlish, Devon
Educated - King's ( Edward VI ) School, Sherbourne, Dorset
- Addiscombe Military College, January - August 1861
Died 20 April 1919, aged 75, Sherbourne House, Camberley, Surrey
Buried St Michael's Churchyard, Camberley, Surrey
Parents Major Thomas John Hammond, HEIC ( Madras Army ) & Anne ( neé Warren )
Family Married: Edith Jane Wright, 2 June 1886, St George's, Campden Hill, London
( daughter of Major. H.J. Wright, Madras Staff Corps, Indian Army )
Family Daughters: Edith Amber; Veronica Ruth
Family Son: Major General Arthur Verney Hammond, CB, DSO, Queen's Own Corps of Guides, Indian Army
Family Brother: Colonel Henry Albany Hammond, Madras Staff Corps, Indian Army
Nephew: Lieutenant Harry Hammond, Royal Artillery, ( Died of wounds N.W. Frontier, 8 February 1898 )

Service
Record
2nd Lieutenant - 7 June 1861
Lieutenant - 14 May 1862
Captain - 7 June 1873
Major - 7 June 1881
Lt-Colonel - 7 June 1887
Brevet Colonel - 12 February 1890
Colonel - 11 February 1896
Operations Jowaki Campaign 1877 / 1878
- Capture of Payah & Jammu forcing of the Naru-Kula Pass, Skhakat 1878
Operations 2nd Afghan War 1878 / 1880
- Takht-I-Shah 1879
- Asmai Heights - 1879
- Charasiah 1880
Operations - Hazara ( 3rd Black Mountain ) Expedition 1888 ( Lieutenant Colonel )
- Hazara ( 4th Black Mountain ) Expedition 1891 ( Brigadier General )
- Isazai Expedition - 1892 ( Brigadier General )
- Relief of Chitral - 1895 ( Brigadier General )
- Tirah Campaign - 1897 ( Brigadier General )
Campaign
Medal
India General Service Medal 1854 - 1895 ( 3 clasps )
- Jowaki 1877 - 1878
- Hazara 1888
- Hazara 1891
Campaign
Medal
Afghanistan Medal 1878 - 1880 ( 2 clasps )
- Ali Musjid
- Kabul
Campaign
Medal
India Medal 1895 - 1902 ( 3 clasps )
- Relief of Chitral 1895
- Punjab Frontier 1897 - 1898
- Tirah 1897 - 1898

Decorations CB - ( Companion, The Most Honourable Order of the Bath ) - 19 November 1901
KCB ( Knight Commander, The Most Honourable Order of the Bath ) - 1 January 1903
Decorations DSO ( Companion to the Distinguished Service Order )
DSO Gazetted [ London Gazette, 12 April 1889 ] Operations of Hazara, Afghanistan, 7 December 1888, Lieutenant-Colonel Arthur George Hammond, Queen's Own Corps of Guides, Punjab Frontier Force
"For service during operations of Hazara"
Gallantry
Awards
Victoria Cross
14 December 1879
Asmai Heights, Kabul, Afghanistan
VC Invested 1st December 1881 by HM Queen Victoria, Windsor Castle
VC Gazetted [ London Gazette, 18 October 1881 ] Koh Asmai Heights, Kabul, Afghanistan, 14 December 1879, Captain Arthur George Hammond, Queen's Own Corps of Guides, Punjab Frontier Force
VC Citation "At the action on the Asmai Heights near Kabul on 14th December 1879, Captain Hammond defended the top of the hill with a rifle and fixed bayonet against a large number of the enemy while the 72nd Highlanders and Guides were retiring. Again on the retreat down the hill he stopped and helped carry a wounded sepoy, the enemy being only 60 yards off and firing heavily all the time".
Observation The most dangerous time for British Forces in Afghanistan was when retiring downhill following confrontation with the Afghans high in the mountains. Therefore, Arthur Hammond's act in turning and facing a huge number of the Afghans alone, armed only with a rifle and bayonet while his fellow soldiers retired, was a high act of gallantry, having to retire himself at some point of course. This he did later, rescuing on the way a seriously wounded sepoy.
VC Location Lord Ashcroft Gallery, Imperial War Museum, London
Medal Entitlement Colonel Sir Arthur George Hammond VC, KCB, DSO - Queen's Own Corps of Guides, Punjab Frontier Force ( Infantry ), Indian Army
  • Victoria Cross
  • Knight Commander, The Most Honourable Order of the Bath ( KCB )
  • Distinguished Service Order ( DSO )
  • Queen Victoria Diamond Jubilee Medal ( 1897 )
  • India General Service Medal ( 1854-95 )
    • 3 clasps:
    • "Jowaki 1877-1878" - "Hazara 1888" - "Hazara 1891"
  • Afghanistan Medal ( 1878-80 )
    • 2 clasps:
    • "Ali Musjid" - "Kabul"
  • India Medal ( 1895-1902 )
    • 3 clasps:
    • "Relief of Chitral 1895" - "Punjab Frontier 1897-98" - "Tirah 1897-98"

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Iain Stewart, 1 November 2001